Category Archives: Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Princess of Hope & Sphinx Like Structure 740 Year Old Mountain Near Gwadar, Makuran Coastal Highway!



Princess of Hope & Sphinx Like Structure 740 Year Old Mountain Near Gwadar, Makuran Coastal Highway!

Hingol National Park is located along the Makran coast in southwestern Balochistan Province, southwestern Pakistan. It lies within sections of Lasbela District, Gwadar District, and Awaran District. The Gulf of Oman of the Arabian Sea are to the south.[1]The provincial capital of Karachi is approximately 190 kilometres (120 mi) to the southeast on the coast.

Princess of Hope: The Princess of Hope is a statue, founded in Hingol National Park lies on the Makran coast in Baluchistan and approximately 275 km from Karachi. The name Princess of Hope was given by Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie on her visit to this area acting as the UN Ambassador of Goodwill in 2002.

The Natural Sphinx: Only companion of Princess of Hope is a Sphinx like structure. The Sphinx are mainly associated with Egypt, which were sculpted figures as Egyptian deities. These Sphinx like the Great Sphinx of Giza were constructed on the order of the Pharaohs to depict the pharaoh being the son of God. These have many religious and cultural symbolisms.

 Sphinx, EGYPT

shpinx2Sphinx, Makran-Gawadar


Princess of Hope & Sphinx – Structure Cause: The coast of Makran has muddy hills with very fast winds blowing throughout the year. These fast winds cut through the muddy hills and mountains and can result in a natural rock formation shaped like a standing lady (Princess of Hope) or sphinx. The Natural Sphinx is obviously not as sharply carved as the sphinx in Egypt however this is worth seeing once in a lifetime.

Princess of Hope along Makran Coastal Highway:

Sphinx along Makran Coastal Highway:


Independence Day Of Pakistan 14 August 1947 |Nayab khan


Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان‎ is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 191 million people,it is the sixth most populous country and with an area covering 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi), it is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast respectively. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan’s narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.
Independence Day Of Pakistan 14 August 1947:

Independence Day (Urdu: یوم آزادی‎; Yaum-e Āzādī), observed annually on 14 August, is a national holiday in Pakistan, commemorating the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement; the Pakistan Movement aimed for the creation of an independent Muslim state by division of the north-western regions of South Asia and was led by the All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The event was brought forth by the Indian Independence Act 1947 in which the British Raj gave independence to the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan) which included West Pakistan (present Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
In the Islamic calendar, the day of independence coincided with Ramadan 27, the eve of which is regarded as sacred by Muslims. The main ceremony takes place in Islamabad, where the national flag is hoisted at the Presidential and Parliament buildings, which is followed by the national anthem, and live televised speeches by leaders. Usual celebratory events this day include flag-raising ceremonies, parades, cultural events, and the playing of patriotic songs. A number of award ceremonies are often held on this day, and citizens often hoist the national flag atop their homes or display it prominently on their vehicles and attire.

Collected And Prepared By Nayab Khan

Pakistan Air force Engagements 1959-1967|Nayab Khan


On 10 April 1959, on the event of the Islamic Eid ul-Fitr festival holiday in Pakistan, an Indian Air Force (IAF) English Electric Canberra B(I)58 entered Pakistani airskies on a photo reconnaissance mission.
Two PAF F-86F Sabres from No. 15 Squadron on Air Defence Alert (ADA) were scrambled from Sargodha Air Base to intercept the IAF aircraft.
The Sabre pilots were Flt. Lt. M. N. Butt (leader) and Flt. Lt. M. Yunis (wingman)(Later Air Vice Marshal) whereas Pilot Officer Rab Nawaz was the on-duty Air Defence Controller for this mission.

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1965 India-Pakistan Rann of Kutch border skirmish:
In June 1965 India-Pakistan War, India and Pakistan had a border skirmish(argue) in the Rann of Kutch region near the south-eastern coastline of Pakistan. The PAF was tasked with providing point-defence to the Rann of Kutch region to prevent the Pakistani airskies from entering Indian Air Force (IAF) in Pakistan air zone and attacking Pakistan Army positions. On 24 June 1965, an IAF Ouragan fighter (Serial No. IC 698), flown by Flt. Lt. Rana Lal Chand Sikka of No. 51 Auxiliary Squadron from the IAF’s Jamnagar Air Station entered Pakistani airskies. A PAF F-104A Starfighter from No. 9 Squadron intercepted the IAF fighter near Badin in Sindh, Pakistan. Just as the PAF pilot locked on to the Indian fighter and was about to release his AIM-9B Sidewinder Air-to-Air Missile (AAM), the Indian pilot lowered his aircraft’s landing gear (an internationally recognized sign of airy surrender).

Lockheed F-104A
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1965 India-Pakistan War:
PAF B-57 Canberra bombers lined up at an airbase.
The PAF fleet at the time consisted of 12 F-104 Starfighters, some 120 F-86 Sabres and around 20 B-57 Canberra bombers.The PAF claims to have had accomplished air superiority over the clash area from the second day of operations.
Many publications have credited the PAF’s successes to U.S.war equipment, claiming it to be superior to the aircraft operated by the IAF and giving the PAF a “qualitative advantage”. However some people refute this argument. As per them, the IAF’s MiG-21, Hawker Hunter and Folland Gnat aircraft had better efficiency than the PAF’s F-86 fighters.According to Air Cdre (retired) Sajad Haider, the F-86 Sabre was inferior in both power and speed to the IAF’s Hawker Hunter.


1967 Arab-Israeli ‘Six-Day’ War:
During this skirmish the PAF sent personnel to Egypt, Jordan and Syria to support the Arabs in their war against the Israelis. Some Pakistani sources have claimed that PAF pilots managed to shoot down ten Israeli aircraft.




Collected By Nayab Khan and Prepared By Amir Ghulam.

Geographical Location Of Pakistan|Mehak Iqbal


Pakistan traces its history back to 2,500 years B.C., when a highly developed civilization in the Indus Valley, excavations at Harappa, Moenjodaro, Kot Diji and Mehr Garh have brought to light, the evidence of an advanced civilization existing even in more ancient times.

Pakistan is a Peacefull country with oldest civilization in the world

Pakistan is a Peaceful country with oldest civilization in the world


The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is situated between 24.50 and 36.75 latitude north and 61 to 75.5 longitudes east. It is located in the mountaineous region adjoining central Asia and Middle East. It is the world’s 36th largest country with an area of 796,096 sq km.

Pakistan On The World Map

Pakistan On The World Map


8,03,940 (including FATA and FANA).


Geographical Location:

Pakistan is located between 23 degrees.30 North to 37 degrees North latitude  and 61 degrees East to 77 degrees East longitude. China lies in the north of Pakistan while Afghanistan and Iran are in the West of it. India lies in the East and the South is the Arabian Sea.

Geographical Location Of Pakistan

Geographical Location Of Pakistan
  • China: There is 600 km long territory of Pakistan along the border of China. Both countries have political, cultural and trade relations with each other. A road through Gilgit and Hunza goes to Kashmir, a city of China. This road has been made culling the hard rocks of mountain Karakoram. There is a close cooperation between the two countries in heavy machine industry and many other departments. Silk, cloth, machines etc are imported from China.

  • Pakistan- China Border

    Pakistan-China Border
  • Central Asian Islamic Countries: Pakistan has religious, cultural and economic relation with the central Asian Islamic countries. Pakistan is the only country that provides them the nearest sea route and transport facilities. These countries lie in the North West of Pakistan.


  • Afghanistan: Afghanistan is situated to the West of Pakistan. When the English got the control of sub-continent, according to a pact with Afghanistan in 1893, the permanent border between the two countries was marked which is called Durand Line.

The border marked with red is the Durand line.

The border marked with red is the Durand line.


  • Iran: To the west of Pakistan is the border of Iran along province of Balochistan. It is our Islamic brother country. It was the first country which recognized the existence of Pakistan in 1947. Iran has made political and trade pacts known as R.C.D. Its name is ECO which means Discipline for Economic Cooperation. Iran openly helped Pakistan during the wars of 1965 and 1971. These both countries possess very good relationship and Pakistan proves its friendship with Iran in every hour of need.

Pakistan and Iran flag

Pakistan and Iran flag



  • India: India is a hindu country in the East of Pakistan. There is a common border of 1600 km in between these countries. Both countries are trying to solve their problems including Kashmir. Due to this enmity, wars of 1948, 1965 and 1971 have been fought between the two countries. The relations between the two countries are not cordial.

Wagha border between India and Pakistan

Wagha border between India and Pakistan

Trade Through The Arabian Sea:

Arabian Sea is in the South of Pakistan. Its coastline is 1046 km long. It links Pakistan with Arab countries and International politics. It also helps in trading between east and west countries.

Arabian Sea

Arabian Sea

Importance of geographical location:

The location of Pakistan is not only unique in the world but of special importance in South Asia. Pakistan links the east with the west and is a source of doing trade through many different parts of the world.

 Collected and prepared by Mehak Iqbal

Pakistan Air Force|Nayab Khan


The Pakistan Air Force in is the Air power branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces who’ve been tasked with the air defence of Pakistan with a role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy. The Pakistan air force(PAF) also has a tertiary role of providing strategic air transport and logistics capability to Pakistan.

Pak Airforce



Its mandate and mission is “to provide, in synergy with other inter-services, the most efficient, assured and cost effective airy Defence of Pakistan.” Since its establishment in 1947, the PAF has been involved in various combat operations, providing airy support to Inter–Services’s operations and relief efforts.Under the Article 243, the Constitution of Pakistan appoints the President of Pakistan as the civilian Commander-in-Chief. The Chief of Air Staff (CAS), by statute a four-star air chief marshal, is appointed by the President with the consultation and confirmation needed from the Prime Minister of Pakistan.The Pakistan Air Force is currently commanded by Air Chief Marshal Suhail Aman.





Accordance to Air chief marshal Sohail Aman,NI(M)
PAF takes its pick of the finest young people in the land. It has now acquired new depths of human skills and initiative. Together, all branches of PAF are delivering unprecedented serviceability rates and efficient management of all resources. Poised on the threshold of tomorrow, PAF remains, as the Quaid said, “Second to None”; fully abreast with the requisite will and mechanism to live by its standards in the current millennium.



Assets And Resources:

Founded 14 August 1947
Country Pakistan
Role Air force
Size 65,000 full-time personnel (including 3,000 pilots)
10,000 reservists
973 aircraft
Part of Pakistan Armed Forces
Air Headquarters AHQ, Islamabad
Nickname PAF
Motto A symbol of pride for the nation
Anniversaries Air Force Day: September 7
Engagements Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, 1965 Rann of Kutch Skirmishes, Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Six-Day War, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Yom Kippur War, Soviet war in Afghanistan, 1999 Kargil Conflict, 2001–02 India–Pakistan standoff, War in North-West Pakistan


Pak flag


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