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13 Muslim Inventions & Discoveries To Modern The World In Islamic Age

Muslim Scientist And Their 1001 Inventions & Discoveries

1~ Coffee

An Arab named Khalid in kaffa in  southern Ethiopia was one day grazing goats and observed that his goats became more energetic and much livelier than before after some time. After further inspection, he found out that this energetic behavior was because of certain berries that his goat grazed. He later boiled those berries to make the first coffee.

The first historical record of the drink was made when beans exported from Ethiopia to Yemen were used by Sufis to stay awake as a sign of religious devotion on special occasions.

By the late 15th century it had arrived in Makkah and Turkey from where it made its way to Venice in 1645. But it wasn’t until the 16th century that coffee beans came to Europe. It was brought to England in 1650 by a Turk named “Pasqua Rosee” who opened the first coffee house in Lombard Street in the City of London.

The Arabic word “qahwa” became the Turkish “kahve” then the Italian “caffé” and then English “coffee”.

2~ Optics

We all know about Ibn-al-Haitham from our primary and secondary school books, as he was a great Muslim mathematician, astronomer and physicist of the 10th century.

The Greeks used to think that light leaves the eye like a laser, but Ibn-al-Haitham was the first person to realize that light enters the eye, rather than leaving it. He proved that humans see objects by light reflecting off of them and entering the eye.

He invented the first pinhole camera after noticing the way light came through a hole in window shutters. The smaller the hole, the better the picture.

The word ‘camera’ as we know today is basically derived from the word Qamara, The same qamara we use for our rooms in Urdu, because he made the pinhole camera in a dark room.

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3~ Universitites

A young princess named Fatima Al-Firhi in 859 founded the first degree-granting university in Fez, Morocco.

Fatima and her sister Miriam wanted to expand it that is why they founded an adjacent mosque and together the complex became the “Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque and University”.

Still operating for almost 1,200 years by now, this should also be noted that the center reflects the core belief that the quest for knowledge is close to the heart of Muslims and is the core of the Islamic tradition.

The story of the Al-Firhi sisters continues to inspire young Muslim women around the world. It also stresses the fact that Islam does not restrict women from acquiring knowledge.

4~ Surgery

Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbad al-Zahrawi”, a man known in the West as Abulcasis, was the first surgeon in human history.

During the 10th century, he wrote “Al-Tadrif”, his medical encyclopedia which included a treatise called “On Surgery”. This held a staggering collection of knowledge which included his scalpels, bone saws, forceps, fine scissors for eye surgery and many of the 200 instruments he devised.

Those instruments are still in use by modern surgeons today.

All of those illustrations were used in Europe as a medical reference for the next 500 years.

5~ Hospitals

The first Medical Center of its kind, with wards, beds, nurses, etc was the “Ahmad ibn Tulun Hospital” (named for the founder of the Tulunid dynasty). It was founded in 872 in Cairo.

Tulun hospital provided free care for anyone who needed it, a policy based on the Muslim tradition of caring for all who are sick. From Cairo, such hospitals spread around the Muslim world.

All patients received free health care, a Muslim tradition which was institutionalized with the advent of the hospital.

Slightly more basic hospitals had existed prior to this in Baghdad. But it was the Cairo model which would later serve as the template for hospitals all around the globe.

6~ Algebra

Students struggling through math classes may not particularly appreciate this Muslim invention but it is one of the most important contributions of the Muslim Golden Age to the modern world.

The system of numbering in use all round the world is probably Indian and Greek in origin but the style of the numerals is Arabic and first appears in print in the work of the Muslim mathematicians Al-Khwarizmi and Al-Kindi around 825.

The word algebra comes from the name of Al Khwarizmi’s book “Al-jabr”, meaning “completion”.

He even solved the real-world problems such as zakat calculation and inheritance division. A unique aspect of his reasoning for developing algebra was the desire to make calculations mandated by Islamic law easier to complete in a world without calculators and computers.

The work of Muslim mathematician scholars was imported into Europe 300 years later by the Italian mathematician Fibonacci.

7~ Windmill

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The windmill was invented in 634 for a Persian caliph. Initially electricity wasn’t made from these windmills instead they were used to grind corn and draw up water for irrigation.

In the vast deserts of Arabia, when the seasonal streams ran dry, the only source of power was the wind which blew steadily from one direction for months. These mills had 6 or 12 sails covered in fabric or palm leaves.

It was 500 years before the first windmill was seen in Europe.

8~ Vaccinations

As even taught in secondary school books, that the technique of inoculation was invented by Jenner and Pasteur is wrong. It was actually the Muslims who first devised the technique, which was later brought to Europe from Turkey by the wife of the English ambassador in 1724.

Children in Turkey were vaccinated with cowpox to fight the deadly smallpox at least 50 years before the West discovered it.

9~ Rocket and Torpedo

Though the Chinese invented saltpeter gunpowder, and used it in their fireworks, it was the Arabs who worked out that it could be purified using potassium nitrate and can later be used for military use as a weapon.

Muslim incendiary devices terrified the Crusaders. By the 15th century they had invented both a rocket, which they called a “self-moving and combusting egg”, and a torpedo, a self-propelled pear-shaped bomb with a spear at the front which impaled itself in enemy ships and then blew up.

10~ Earth Is a Sphere

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By the 9th century, many Muslim scholars took it for granted that the Earth was a sphere. Astronomer Ibn Hazm as a proof said that, “the Sun is always vertical to a particular spot on Earth” due to which it must be in sphere shape.

It was 500 years before that realization dawned on Galileo. The calculations of Muslim astronomers were so accurate that in the 9th century they reckoned the Earth’s circumference to be 40, 253.4km – less than 200km out.

11~ Fountain pen

On the demand of sultan of Egypt, the fountain pen was invented in 953. As he demanded a pen which would not stain his hands or clothes and a pen which didn’t needed an inkpot with it, instead it should carry the ink in its body.

Later a fountain pen was designed. It held ink in a reservoir and, as with modern pens, fed ink to the nib by a combination of gravity and capillary action.

12~ Shampoo

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Washing and bathing are religious practice and is a requirement for Muslims to pray, which is perhaps why they perfected the recipe for soap which we still use today. Hazrat Saalih (A.S) is known to have invented soap as we know today.

The ancient Egyptians had soap of a kind, as did the Romans who used it more as a pomade. But it was the Arabs who combined vegetable oils with sodium hydroxide and aromatics such as thyme oil.

Shampoo was introduced to England by a Muslim who opened Mahomed’s Indian Vapour Baths on Brighton seafront in 1759 and was appointed Shampooing Surgeon to Kings George IV and William IV.

13~ Parachute

A thousand years before the Wright brothers a Muslim poet, astronomer, musician and engineer named Abbas ibn Firnas was the first person to make real attempts to construct a flying machine and fly.

In 852 he jumped from the minaret of the Grand Mosque in Cordoba using a loose cloak stiffened with wooden struts.  He hoped to glide like a bird. He didn’t. But the cloak slowed his fall, creating what is thought to be the first “parachute”, and leaving him with only minor injuries.

But his dreams of flying couldn’t let him sleep in peace for which, In 875 at the age of 70, having perfected a machine of silk and eagles’ feathers he tried again, jumping from a mountain. This time he designed a winged apparatus, roughly resembling a bird costume. He flew to a significant height and stayed aloft for about ten minutes but crashed on landing, later it was concluded that it happened because he had not given his device a tail so it would stall on landing.

His designs would undoubtedly have been an inspiration for famed Italian artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci’s hundreds of years later.

Baghdad international airport and a crater on the Moon are named after him.

Muslims have a big contributions in chemistry known as Al-Chemya

Top 15 Weirdest Food From Around The World!!!!

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It’s time to take a trip around the world and delve into all the weird foods our species like to chow down. Unfortunately, the world isn’t only full of those tasty breakfasts we spoilt you with a while back – if only. Consider this a public service and an education to save you from shock when you come across these, the 50 weirdest foods from around the world.

1-Fried Spider – Cambodia

Available throughout Cambodia, but a specialty in the town of Skuon, these creepy crawlies have been deep fried in garlic oil until crunchy on the outside and gooey on the inside. Typically of the tarantula variety, the practice of eating these spiders may have started during the brutal reign of the Khmer Rouge when villagers had to find alternative sources of food. Spiders are often sold to travellers passing through town and looking for a quick snack. Besides being full of protein, rumour has it that they are even said to increase the beauty of the consumer.

2-Haggis – Scotland

A sheep’s heart, liver and lungs minced and mixed with onions, oatmeal, suet, stock  and seasoned with salt and spices cooked inside the animal’s stomach. Traditionally stuffed into a sheep’s stomach and simmered, this hearty dish dates back to the 1400’s and today is served as the main course of a Burns supper on Robert Burns Day. Typically eaten with tatties and neeps (mashed potatoes and turnips), it is often served with a dram of Scotch whisky to get it all down. Today, Haggis is conveniently available ready-made from the grocery store and is a great source of iron and fibre.

3- Khash – Middle East, East Europe and Turkey

A pretty gruesome little dish made up of stewed cows feet and head. It was once a winter comfort food but is now considered a delicacy. I’m sure it’s fine, so long as you don’t mind that grinning skull staring at you through its cold dead eyes.

4-Sannakji – South Korea

A South Korean delicacy, this dish of live octopus is eaten either whole or in pieces depending on the size of the specimen. Served raw and usually only with a splash of sesame oil, it’s so fresh that the tentacles are still squirming. Suckers from the octopus can attach themselves inside the throat of the consumer causing choking or even death, which makes eating this mollusk a scary proposition. Although the actual octopus is mildly flavoured, the live animal wrapping itself around the diners.

5-Tuna eyeball – Japan

Although it sounds nasty, apparently it’s rather tame, tasting pretty similar to squid or octopus. None of the gunk you’d normally associate with slicing up eyeballs.

6-Rocky Mountain Oysters

What is so strange about oysters? Probably the fact that they’re not the kind you find at the bottom of the ocean, but rather a fancy name given to deep-fried testicles of a buffalo, bull or boar. Rocky Mountain oysters (also called Prairie Oysters) are well-known and regularly enjoyed, in certain parts of the United States and Canada, generally where cattle ranching is prevalent. The testicles are peeled, boiled, rolled in a flour mixture, and fried, then generally served with a nice cocktail sauce.

7-Shiokara – Japan

Now this really does sound bad. A dish made of pieces of meat taken from a selection of sea creatures, served in a brown, viscous paste of their own salted and fermented viscera. Oh, I forgot to say, it’s all served raw.

8-Wasp crackers – Japan

Yep, you guessed it, it’s a biscuit filled with wasps. Think chocolate chip cookies, only the insects replace the choccy chips. Apparently the digger wasp, which the biscuit contains, has a pretty mean sting.

9-Jing leed (Grasshoppers) – Thailand

So, yes, this is a big old grasshopper seasoned with salt, pepper power and chilli and fried in a big wok. Tastes a little like hollow popcorn skin… except a little juice squirts out when you bite.

10-Beondegi – Korea

Simply boiled or steamed and lightly seasoned, this is popular snack all over Korea and usually sold from street vendors. Apparently they taste like wood.

11-Witchetty grub – Australian

Part of the Australian ‘bushmeat’ family, this was another staple of Indigenous Australians in the desert. These can either be eaten raw, when it tastes like almonds, or lightly cooked, where its skin crisps like roast chicken and its insides take on the look and consistency of scrambled egg.

12-Escargots à la bourguignonne – France

Snails cooked in a sauce of white wine, garlic, butter and parsley served in their shells. Said to have a similar consistency to mussels or clams, though I found them to be pretty rubbery. Perhaps best to try in a decent, reasonably priced restaurant rather than the satay version down a back street in Hong Kong.

13-Pickled egg – UK

Pretty much summed up in the name, this is a hardboiled egg that been left to go cold and stuck in a jar of vinegar. The sour liquid penetrates right to the heart, meaning the powdery yolk in the centre is uncomfortably sour.

14- Frogs legs – France, Southeast Asia and other

What’s there to say? Basically the back end and back legs of a frog, grilled, baked, fried or stewed. With the texture of chicken with a very faint taste of fish, it’s one of my favourite kind of meats.

15-Crocodile – Australia, Southeast Asia and Africa

crocodile meat is considered a delicacy in many places around the world, supposedly tasting like a cross between chicken and crab. Although crocodiles are protected in many parts of the world, crocodile meat is usually farmed, so is sustainable if not particularly kind or natural.

 

 

A Taste Of Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur’s 5 Best Restaurants|Nayab khan

Kuala Lumpur's 10 Best Restaurants
Restaurants:

“Trendy place withstanding the test of time”

The 5 Best Trendy Kuala Lumpur Restaurants 2015 list is a guide to the city’s best fashionable restaurants to indulge in and be seen at. Although Kuala Lumpur is a very tourist friendly capital, its food options are still largely geared towards the local crowd, with Chinese coffee shops and mamaks (Indian-Malay restaurants) dominating its dining scene.

Kuala Lumpur’s restaurant scene runs the gamut from budget street food to high-end luxury.It also reflects the diversity of cultural traditions in Malaysia, bringing in Indian,Chinese, and Western influences to its Southeast Asian foundations. This list of ten of the best restaurants in KL

“Outstanding culinary experience!”

Kuala Lumpur 5 Best Trendy Restaurants

1-Bijan Bar & Restaurant:

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Bijan Bar & Restaurant is perhaps one of Kuala Lumpur’s best-kept secrets. An award-winning restaurant opened in 2003, it was listed as one of the Malaysia Tatler’s 2011 Best Restaurants in Malaysia and was also the fully-deserving winner of Time Out KL’s Food Awards Best Malay Restaurant in 2009.Serving high-end Malay cuisine, the food served here is halal and only the best ingredients are used.

Authentic Malay food with great service

  • Opening Hours: 12:00 – 14:30 & 18:30 – 10:30 Monday – Saturday; 16:30 – 22:30 Sunday
  • Address: No. 3, Jalan Ceylon 50200 Kuala Lumpur
  • Tel: +603 2031 3575 or +603 2031 6568

2-The Bird Restaurant:

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A place where delicious local & Nyonya dishes are served. A place that has heart and you will be made to feel truly welcomed and be entertained by the multitalented owners. They sing, they paint and they cook up a meal that you will never forget. A place where the elderly would appreciate as well. A place where you will tell people about. A place where you will want to return again & again.

The Bird would be a good place to dine at where one can find a fusion of Chinese, Thai and Nyonya food.Mango Ice Blended, King Toh Chicken, Vegetable, Marmite Chicken, Romaine Lettuce, Butter King Fish, Squid Dish, Homemade Cendol, 3 Flavour Prawn, Mantis Prawn, Four Heavenly Kings vegetable, The Sambal Paku, Fried Squid/Calamari, The Coffee Chicken Wings

“Delightful Gem with Amazing Hospitality”

  • Opening Hours: daily (11 am – 11 pm).Closed on Monday
  • Address: 5 Jalan 3/62D,Medan Putra Business Centre,Bandar Menjalara, Kepong,KL
  • Tel: 03 6277 1453, 012 314 9882, 012 305 8836

3-Enak:

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Enak takes the best elements of Malaysian food.The combination of nostalgic home cooking and a fine dining sensibility makes Enak another advocate for raising Malay cuisine to fine dining heights. Traditional dishes such as Satay, Gado-Gado andRendang Padang are all given a contemporary twist, while staying true to their original incarnations as family favorites. The restaurant also attempts to rediscover forgotten flavors and dishes by trawling the cultural memory of Kuala Lumpur’s residents.

“Great food only disappointment to setting ”

  • Opening Hours: Open from 12pm to 12am(Last order at 11:45pm)
  • Address: LG2, Feast Floor,Starhill Gallery 181. Jalan, Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Tel: +60 3-2141 8973

4-Songket:

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You are invited to Songket Restaurant & Bar an authentic Malay cuisine restaurant with a modern twist. We focus on outstanding Malay food with only the freshest ingredients in an elegant restaurant with a sophisticated ambience given the rich tradition and luxury associated with songket, At Songket, we delight our guests with a menu inspired from traditional Malay specialties, live traditional Malay entertainment, and luxurious songket from some of Malaysia’s most notable states.

Savour the delicious dishes, beautiful surroundings, excellent service, and the warm atmosphere of Songket. It is the perfect place for a leisurely meal, a drink with friends, a party or a business meeting. For extra comfort and to please a large group of people we can cater to company or personal functions by fully utilising the indoor area and the comfortable outdoor garden patio.

“Mouth-watering Malay cuisine!”

  • Opening Hours: Mon – Fri 12pm – 3pm, 6pm – 11pm ,Sat – Sun & Public Holiday 5pm – 11pm
  • Address: No. 29, Jalan Yap Kwan Seng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
  • Tel:  +603 2161 3331 or  sms/call +6012 2607769 (Firdaus) 
  • For dining reservationsOnline reservation

5-The 39 Restaurant:

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The 39 Restaurant is a restaurant in PNB Darby Park that redefines classic Malay cuisine. Set in elegant surrounds, it presents Malay cooking in an all-new setting by entering the fine-dining circle. Here, special emphasis is placed on food presentation and dishes use only top-notch ingredients.

The 39 Restaurant is divided into an air-conditioned indoor dining area and an al fresco rooftop section. There are no alcoholic beverages served so patrons enjoy the excellent teh tarik (milk tea) and kopi o (coffee), which is not really a hardship since the food pairs up better with these drinks anyway.

To avoid if you are looking for fine dining

  • Opening Hours: 12:30 – 15:00; 19:00 – 22:00
  • Address: PNB Darby Park, 10 Jalan Binjai, 50450 KL
  • Tel: +603 7490 3333

Collected And Prepared By Nayab Khan