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EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS

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The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt. As of November 2008, there are sources citing both 118 and 138 as the number of identified Egyptian pyramids. Most were built as tombs for the country’s pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.

Most famous pyramids:

The most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo. Several of the Giza pyramids are counted among the largest structures ever built. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid. It is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.

Number and location of pyramids:

In 1842 Karl Richard Lepsius produced the first modern list of pyramids – see Lepsius list of pyramids – in which he counted 67. A great many more have since been discovered. As of November 2008, 118 Egyptian pyramids have been identified.

Abu Rawash:

Abu Rawash is the site of Egypt’s most northerly pyramid (other than the ruins of Lepsius pyramid number one) the mostly ruinedPyramid of Djedefre, son and successor of Khufu. Originally it was thought that this pyramid had never been completed, but the current archaeological consensus is that not only was it completed, but that it was originally about the same size as the Pyramid of Menkaure, which would have placed it among the half-dozen or so largest pyramids in Egypt.

Giza:

Giza is the location of the Pyramid of Khufu (also known as the “Great Pyramid” and the “Pyramid of Cheops”); the somewhat smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Kephren); the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinus), along with a number of smaller satellite edifices known as “Queen’s pyramids”; and the Great Sphinx.

The Giza Necropolis has been a popular tourist destination since antiquity, and was popularized in Hellenistic times when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Zawyet el-Aryan:

This site, halfway between Giza and Abu Sir, is the location for two unfinished Old Kingdom pyramids. The northern structure’s owner is believed to be pharaoh Nebka, while the southern structure, known as the Layer Pyramid, may be attributable to the Third Dynasty pharaoh Khaba, a close successor of Sekhemkhet.

Abu Sir:

There are a total of fourteen pyramids at this site, which served as the main royal necropolis during the Fifth Dynasty. The quality of construction of the Abu Sir pyramids is inferior to those of the Fourth Dynasty.

The three major pyramids are those of Niuserre, which is also the best preserved, Neferirkare Kakai and Sahure. The site is also home to the incomplete Pyramid of Neferefre. Most of the major pyramids at Abu Sir were built similar construction techniques, comprising a rubble core surrounded by steps of mud bricks with a limestone outer casing. The largest of these 5th Dynasty pyramids, the Pyramid of Neferirkare Kakai, is believed to have originally been built as a step pyramid some 70 m (230 ft) high and then later transformed into a “true” pyramid by having its steps filled in with loose masonry.

Saqqara:

Major pyramids located here include the Step Pyramid of Djoser – generally identified as the world’s oldest substantial monumental structure to be built of dressed stone – the Pyramid of Userkaf, the Pyramid of Teti and the Pyramid of Merikare, dating to the First Intermediate Period. Also at Saqqara is the Pyramid of Unas, which retains a pyramid causeway that is one of the best-preserved in Egypt. Together with the pyramid of Userkaf, this pyramid was the subject of one of the earliest known restoration attempts, conducted byKhaemweset, a son of Ramesses II.

Oymyakon, Russia The Coldest Village on Earth

Oymyakon is a Russian rural locality (a selo) in Oymyakonsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River, 30 kilometers northwest of Tomtor on theKolyma Highway. Oymyakon is one of the coldest permanently inhabited locales on the planet.

Name History:

It is named after the Oymyakon River, whose name reportedly comes from the Even word kheium, meaning “unfrozen patch of water; place where fish spend the winter.However, another source states that the Even word (kheium may be a misspelling) means “frozen lake”.

Physiography:

Oymyakon, population 500, is in eastern Yakutia at approximately 750 meters above sea level. At the village’s northerly position, day length varies from three hours in December to 21 hours in June.

First are there outside any animals at such a cold temperature?

If you mean domestic animals, in Oymyakon some keep watchdogs outside so to protect the private territory. In this case dogs stay in warm kennels with felt layers. If farm animals like cattles and poultries, they are kept in a special barns. If wild, hunters say they may meet elks, deer, raindeer, hares. Bears, as you know, sleep in the winter.

)-And how many tourists or non-inhabitants?

A dozen of tourists per month, perhaps.

)-How can you travel on long distances? Are the roads usable for cars?

Locals prefer to travel by cars. Cheap, you know. Round trip by plane may costs 400-500 USD depending on distance.

)-Are there functioning mobil phone service?

Only in cities and the administrative centers of republic’s regions.

Coldest Village On Earth

Utopia Of Maldives Best For Tourism | Nayab khan

Maldives

Maldives:

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Maldives the Republic of Maldives is also known as the Maldive Islands, is an island in the Indian Ocean that has 26 atolls. Is a sovereign island country and archipelago. It is located southwest of India and Sri Lanka in the Laccadive Sea.Maldives Islands, which is away from city life and close to the nature. Maldives is another tropical paradise that feels like a dream world. Maldives is a best Tourism Board for the travelers. There are Hundreds of lush islands, lined with the whitest sandy beaches, and surrounded by the clear bluest of water, the Maldives is a heaven of holiday sojourn.

Maldives The Zone Of Island:

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1-Alila Villa Hadahaa:

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The rumor is now officially confirmed: the Resort Alila Villas Hadahaa, located in the extreme south of Maldives, in North Huvadhoo Atoll is, since today, Park Hyatt Maldives !

Open in 2009 by Alila Villas Design Hotel Brand, Hadahaa was the successful combination of contemporary design (a signature feature across the Alila Hotels) and Maldivian architecture. Alila Villas Hadahaa had also won many awards during the first year of operation : in 2010

Today, Alila Villas leaves to her successors a beautiful island with an exquisite charm and a unique architecture among all Resorts of the archipelago. With Hadahaa, Park Hyatt opens its very first Resort in the Maldives.

2-Anantara Kihavah Villas, Maldives:

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Enjoying a prime location in the Maldives’ Baa Atoll island archipelago and on the doorstep of Hanifaru Bay, Anantara Kihavah Villas is the perfect place from which to explore the underwater world of the Indian Ocean. Set on Kihavah Huravalhi, one of the most pristine Maldivian islands, the resort is 30-minute seaplane flight from Male International Airport, an unforgettable experience in itself as the plane flies over a string of glowing coral islands amidst turquoise waters.

79 spacious private pool villas, ranging from 260 to 2,730 square meters, are either poised over the water with sweeping ocean views or nestled along a pristine stretch of private beach.

3-Kuramathi Island Resort:

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Established on Rasdhoo Atoll Kuramathi stretches all along the palm grove right into the turquoise water. Guests can choose to stay at the garden, beach or water villas and relax on a white sandy beach, enjoy infinity pools and outdoor jacuzzi. There are various water activities, excursions to other islands and entertaining evening program.

4-Alimatha Island, Vaavu Atoll, Maldives:

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Alimatha Aquatic Resort is located in Alimatha island in Vaavu Atoll. The island sits on the eastern edge of Maldives, 3°35’39.1″ North  of the equator and 73°29’55.5″ East. The transfer to Alimatha  takes 20 minutes by seaplane or about 90 minutes by speedboat from Ibrahim Nasir International airport.
Alimatha is the perfect Maldives resort to experience world class diving for both beginners and professionals. TGI Maldives Alimatha Diving Center has been operational since 2006.

5-Sun Island Resort and Spa:

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Sun Island set in the magnificent island of Nalaguraidhoo, will capture your heart with its exotic tropical flowers and beautiful greenery in the gardens that takes you to the purest of stunning blue sapphire lagoons. Located 62 miles from the male’ airport, Nalaguraidhoo is the most breathtaking and picturesque island in South Ari Atoll. Sun Island, has been noted for its beautiful setting.

Sun Island Resort is the biggest resort/island hotel in Maldives and offers you all the modern comforts, conveniences and facilities that you can ever think of. It is a mature island with dense tropical vegetation and tall coconut palms, numerals enough that you could loose your self amongst them. With wide beaches of fine white sands all around the island, there is no difficulty in finding your own private little cove for the day.

6-Dusit Thani:

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Situated on Mudhdhoo Island in Baa Atoll, the resort was inspired by Thai style and philosophy. Luxurious private villas, tennis courts, SPA centers and even boutiques can be found here. The resort is surrounded with the richest marine life in Maldives. Therefore it is the best place to go diving and snorkeling.

7-Six Senses Laamu:

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The only resort in the Laamu Atoll, which is only 150 km from the equator, Six Senses is environmentally responsible and contemporary. Its rustic luxury villas blend so well with the nature and do not disturb atoll’s vibes. Villas have glass see-through tables, that reconnect with the Ocean.

8-Banana Reef, North Male Atoll, Maldives:

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his banana shaper reef belongs to the marine protected areas of north male and has excellent coral reef with very abundant fish life. It lies inside Kuda Kalhi and was one of the very first dive sites of maldives. Close to Club Med resort there are always divers here. Big rocks get to amazing coral formations where sharks, barracuda, traveally and black snapper. On the east side there are alwasy big schools of bannerfish. There are also some caves where groupers and seafans can be found. The last one, at 20m there is a small concave wall where a washing machine is formed with strong currents. Grey reef sharks can be seen there. If you get caught by the washing machine don’t try to fight it, and ride it staying close to the reef until you can get out.

9-National Museum:

National Museum

Located at Male, the number seven spot is the National Musuem of Maldives. The building houses a lot of different kinds of historical artifacts that reflect the history of the country. The original museum was the old 3-story museum that is the only remaining part of the Maldivian Royal Palace. The new museum is built and designed by the Chinese Government, and is where eventually the artifacts from the old museum would move to. It was declared as the official National Museum on July 26, 2010. If you want to know more about Maldivian artifacts and the rich story behind each, this is the perfect place to go.

10-Hukuru Miskiiy Mosque, Kaafu Atoll, Maldives:

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Hukuru Miskiy or Old Friday Mosque is an ancient decorated mosque located in the city of Malé, Kaafu Atoll, Maldives. The mosque was originally constructed in 1658 under the reign of Sultan Ibrahim Iskandar I over two-year time. It’s a beautiful structure made from coral stone into which intricate decoration and Quranic script have been chiseled. The mosque was built on the foundations of an old temple that faced west towards the setting sun, not northwest towards Mecca. Consequently, the worshippers have to face the corner of the mosque when they pray – the striped carpet, laid at an angle, shows the correct direction.

Collected And Prepared By Nayab Khan