The Colosseum or Coliseum is today the most recognizable of Rome‘s Classical buildings. Even 2,000 years after it was built, and despite centuries when the abandoned building was pillaged for building materials, it is instantly recognizable It was the first permanent amphitheater to be raised in Rome, and the most impressive arena the Classical world had yet seen. And with accommodation for 60,000 seated and 10,000 standing, all of whom could enter and leave in a matter of minutes, courtesy of 80 entrances, this is a structure that the designers of modern sports sadist could learn from. The Colosseum was built for several reasons:
– As a gift to Roman Citizens, increasing the popularity of the Flavian dynasty.
-Staging various forms of entertainment in a purpose built stone amphitheatre, creating a diversion for unemployed and unruly Plebs.
-To utilize and showcase the latest Roman engineering techniques demonstrating to the world the power of Rome.
FACTS ABOUT THE ROMAN COLOSSEUM:
1. The Colosseum was built by Emperor Vespasian, founder of the Flavian dynasty, for Titus, his successor.
2. Colosseum is an elliptical building measuring 189 meters long and 156 meters wide
3. The Colosseum has over 80 entrances and can accommodate about 50,000 spectators.
4. The original name of the Coliseum was Flavian Amphitheater, after the Flavian Dynasty of Emperors.
5. The Colosseum in Italy only took 9 years to build using over 60,000 Jewish slaves.
6. The great amphitheatre covers and area of 6 acres.
7. The Colosseum is located in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy (Piazzale del Colosseo, Rome). The absolute location is 41 degrees latitude and 12 degrees longitude.
8. Festivals as well as games could last up to 100 days in the Coliseum.
9. It is estimated that the games played in the Colosseum for hundreds of years have taken the lives of about 500,000 people and over a million wild animals.
10. The area beneath the Colosseum was called the Hypogeum
11. There were 36 trap doors in Arena allowing for elaborate special effects.
12. Many natural disasters devastated the structure of the Colosseum, but it was the earthquakes of 847 AD and 1231 AD that caused most of the damage you see today.
13. During the inaugural games of the Colosseum in 80 CE held by Titus, some 9,000 wild animals were slaughtered.
14. There were over 20 different types of Gladiators.
Colosseum was built near the giant statue of Colossus which was part of the Nero’s Park. The current name was derived from the statue of Colossus.
15. 42 Roman Emperors witnessed the carnage at the amphitheatre.
16. The total amount of marbles used for the construction of the Colosseum was estimated at 100,000 cubic meters.
By the 20th century, a combination of weather, natural disasters, neglect and vandalism had destroyed nearly two-thirds of the original Colosseum, including all of the arena’s marble seats and its decorative elements. Restoration efforts began in the 1990s, and have proceeded over the years, as the Colosseum continues to be a leading attraction for tourists from all over the world. Millions of people each year flock to this majestic structure in hopes to get some sense to what it was like to live during the Ancient Roman times. Tourists also believe that its an unforgettable experience to visit the Colloseum.
Collected And Prepared By Mehak Iqbal